Man-made hazards, such as drainage ditches, railroads, highways and roads, pass through cultivated farmland and divide fields into irregular shaped areas. Point deductions are allowed for the increase in operating costs due to these man-made hazards. The deductions typically range from one to six points, but may be higher in extreme circumstances. Man-made hazard deductions are only applied to arable land. On the sample agricultural profile there are no man made hazard discounts so the area is left blank.
Man-made hazards are but one of several economic factors that add to the cost of production. Deductions for economic factors, such as man-made hazards, are expressed in point deductions.